Working with Filter Node Logs¶
Where Filter Node Logs are Stored¶
A filter node stores the following log files in the
sync-brute-clusters.log: the log of fetching the brute force attack-related counters in the filter node cluster.
export-attacks.log: the log of exporting the attacks' data from the postanalytics module to the Wallarm cloud.
export-clusterization-data.log: the log of exporting the filter node cluster's data.
export-counters.log: the log of exporting the counters' data (see “Monitoring the Filter Node”).
syncnode.log: the log of syncing the filter node with the Wallarm cloud (this includes fetching the LOM and proton.db files from the cloud).
tarantool.log: the log of the postanalytics module operations.
sync-blacklist.log: the log of syncing the filtering node with IP addresses added to IP lists as single objects or subnets.
sync-mmdb.log: the log of syncing the filtering node with IP addresses registered in countries and data centers from IP lists.
Configuring Extended Logging for the NGINX‑Based Filter Node¶
NGINX writes logs of the processed requests (access logs) into a separate log file, using the predefined
combined logging format by default.
log_format combined '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] ' '"$request" $request_id $status $body_bytes_sent ' '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent"';
You can define and use a custom logging format by including one or several filter node variables (as well as other NGINX variables if needed). The NGINX log file will allow for much faster filter node diagnostics.
Filter Node Variables¶
You may use the following filter node variables when defining the NGINX logging format:
| ||String||Request identifier |
Has the following value form:
| ||Float||Request execution time in seconds|
| ||Integer||Size of the serialized request in bytes|
| ||Integer||Request validity |
| ||String||Attack types detected in the request with the library libproton. Types are presented in text format: |
| ||Integer||Attack types detected in the request with the library libproton. Types are presented in bit string format: |
Let us assume that you need to specify the extended logging format named
wallarm_combined that includes the following variables:
all variables used in the
all filter node variables
To do this, perform the following actions:
The lines below describe the desired logging format. Add them into the
httpblock of the NGINX configuration file.
log_format wallarm_combined '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] ' '"$request" $request_id $status $body_bytes_sent ' '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent"' '$wallarm_request_time $wallarm_serialized_size $wallarm_is_input_valid $wallarm_attack_type $wallarm_attack_type_list';
Enable the extended logging format by adding the following directive into the same block as in the first step:
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log wallarm_combined;
Processed request logs will be written in the
wallarm_combinedformat into the
With the directive listed above, all processed requests will be logged to a log file, including these that are not related to an attack.
You can configure conditional logging to write logs only for the requests that are part of an attack (the
wallarm_attack_typevariable value is not zero for these requests). To do so, add a condition to the aforementioned directive:
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log wallarm_combined if=$wallarm_attack_type;
This may be useful if you want to reduce a log file size, or if you integrate a filter node with one of SIEM solutions.
Restart NGINX by running one of the following commands depending on the OS you are using:
sudo systemctl restart nginx
sudo service nginx restart
sudo systemctl restart nginx
To see detailed information about configuring logging in NGINX, proceed to this link.