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Rules for Data Masking

The Wallarm node sends the following data to the Wallarm Cloud:

  • Serialized requests with attacks

  • Wallarm system counters

  • System statistics: CPU load, RAM usage, etc.

  • Wallarm system statistics: number of processed NGINX requests, Tarantool statistics, etc.

  • Information on the nature of the traffic that Wallarm needs to correctly detect application structure

Some data should not be transferred outside of the server on which it is processed. Typically, this category includes authorization (cookies, tokens, passwords), personal data and payment credentials.

Wallarm Node supports data masking in requests. This rule cuts the original value of the specified request point before sending the request to the postanalytics module and Wallarm Cloud. This method ensures that sensitive data cannot leak outside the trusted environment.

It can affect the display of attacks, active attack (threat) verification, and the detection of brute force attacks.

Creating and applying the rule

You can create and apply the rule both in the Events and Rules section of Wallarm Console.

  • In the Events section, rules are created with a pre-filled description of endpoints to apply the rule to. The endpoint description corresponds to the request you clicked the Rule button for.

    To complete the rule setup, just select the rule action type and make sure all rule components are configured correctly.

  • In the Rules section, all rule components must be filled in manually.

If the following conditions take place:

  • the application is accessible at the domain

  • the application uses a PHPSESSID cookie for user authentication

  • security policies deny access to this information for employees using Wallarm

Then, to create a data masking rule for this cookie, the following actions should be performed:

  1. Go to the Rules tab
  2. Find the branch for**/*.* and click Add rule
  3. Choose Mask sensitive data
  4. Select the Header parameter and enter its value COOKIE; select the cookie parameter and enter its value PHPSESSID after in this part of request

    Options sequentally (if several) selected in in this part of request should reflect a sequence of parsers Wallarm would apply to read the required request element.

  5. Click Create

Marking sensitive data